History Of Islamabad
The city of Islamabad is located on the Potohar Plateau, which is one of the oldest settlements in Asia. The world’s oldest stone age artifacts have been found on the mountain, dating from 500,000 to 1 million years ago. Stones from the Swan River terraces provide evidence of early human effort during the glacial period. Prehistoric pottery and tools have been recovered from many places.
Small-scale excavations confirm evidence of prehistoric culture. Remains and human skulls dating back to 5000 BC indicate that the site was home to a Neolithic caravan on the banks of the Swan River. During the Neolithic period, people developed small communities in the area around 3000 BC. At one end of the Indus Valley Civilization, this region was the first Aryan settlement in Central Asia. Their civilization here dates back to the 23rd and 18th centuries BC. Many great armies – such as Alexander the Great, Genghis Khan, Timur and Ahmad Shah Durrani – used this route to attack Buddhist cities in the Indian subcontinent, located in the same region and the ruins of the stupa G- 10 have been found. Department 12. Modern Islamabad is also home to the ancient settlement of Syedpur. The British took control of the region from the Sikhs in 1849 and established Asia’s largest fort in the region at Rawalpindi.
When Pakistan gained independence in 1947, Karachi was still its first capital. In 1960, Islamabad was established as the future capital for several reasons. Traditionally, development in Pakistan had been largely concentrated in the colonial center of Karachi, and President Ayub Khan wanted it to be distributed equally. Furthermore, Karachi’s climate was a tropical one, located at one end of the country, making it vulnerable to attacks in the Arabian Sea. Pakistan needed a capital that could be easily reached from all parts of the country. Karachi, the center of trade, was also considered inadequate, partly because of trade’s interference in government affairs. The newly chosen location of Islamabad was close to the army headquarters in Rawalpindi and the disputed Kashmir region to the north.
In 1958, a committee was formed to select a suitable site for the nation’s capital, paying particular attention to location, climate, logistics and security requirements, among other factors. After extensive research, investigation and extensive consideration of possible locations, the Commission recommended this site in 1959 to the northeast of Rawalpindi. Constantinos Apostolos Doxiadis, a Greek firm of architects, designed the central structure of the city, a grid plane and consisting of a building. A triangular shaped base with the top facing Mount Margalla. The capital was not immediately shifted from Karachi to Islamabad. It moved to Rawalpindi for a while in the early 1960s and then to Islamabad when the necessary development work was completed in 1966.
Islamabad attracts people from all over Pakistan, making it one of the most diverse provinces and cities in Pakistan. As the capital, it has hosted several important meetings, including the summit of the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation. In October 2005, the city suffered some damage due to the 2005 Kashmir earthquake of magnitude 7.6. Islamabad has witnessed several acts of terrorism, including the siege of the Lal Masjid (Red Mosque) in July 2007, the bombing of the Danish embassy. June 2008, and the Marriott bombings in September 2008. In 2011, the city witnessed four terrorist attacks, including the assassination of then Punjab Governor Salman Taseer. There have also been horrific air accidents: on 28 July 2010, AirBlue Flight 202 crashed in the Margalla Hills with crew and all 152 passengers on board, and Bhoja Air Flight 213 with 121 passengers on board, landing crashed during Construction, they all died on board on April 20, 2012.
Today, Islamabad is considered one of the most sophisticated and planned cities in South Asia. The city is home to many people from other parts of Pakistan and offers a modern culture unlike any other city in the world.
Things to Do in Islamabad
- Faisal mosque
- Daman-e- koh
- Pakistan monument museum
- Margala hills
- Lake view park
- Fatima Jinnah park
- Islamabad zoo
- Bari imam shrine
- Sharkarpariyan hills
- Quaid-e-azam university